CHAPTER :CULTURAL HERITAGE OF HARYANA
Haryana is both socially as well as culturally rich state. Since historic times, it remained very famous for its colourful culture. However, the life of the state is very conflicting. People of the state are very dignified and hard working. They are very simple and industrious by nature. Thus, their life is very simple but very dignified.
People of Haryana reflect their culture through their different colourful costumers and ornaments. Women wear very colourful attires which make them more elegant and beautiful whereas men s costumes are very simple but graceful.
Men’s Traditional Costumes
The traditional costumes of men of Haryana are as follows:
Kurta and Kameez Kurta is also known as (Kudta in local language. It is a long shirt without collar. It is mainly worn with dhoti or payjama.
Dhoti It is a main attire of men of Haryana. White Cotton Dhoti is basically worn by menfolks.
Pagari It is also known as Paagadi and ‘Saafa in Haryanvi language. It is less broad but exceptionally long fabric which is enfolded around head in Marwari style. Rajputi style Pagadi is known as Paag. It is the sign of’Pride’for the people of Haryana.
Guliband Muffler is known as ‘Guliband’or ‘Gulband’in Haryana. It is made of wool which is worn around neck. It is an important attire of winters. Blanket/Woollen Sheet or Dushala It is a very thick sheet which is mainly worn by old age people and peasant class during winters.
Khes It is a coarse hand woven voluminous cotton sheet which is worn during winters by menfolk.
Dohar It is a fine hand woven large sized cotton sheet, which is also known as ‘Dhor\ It is worn during winters by menfolk.
Muretha It is a type of cap which is worn in Haryana by menfolk.
Mitjai It is a cotton stitched kamari (Jacket) which is worn during winters by menfolk.
Khandwa It is a type of Pagari which is worn by old age people of Haryana. It is considered a symbol of prestige.
Kamari It is a half sleeved waistline Jacket. It is worn by old age people.
Angarakha It is long Kalidar garment. It looks like of old courtesy manner and wear by most of the people of the state.
Women’s Traditional Costumes
The traditional costumes of women of Haryana are as follows:
Aangi It is made of cotton and wear under kameez or suit by women of Haryana.
Odhana It is also known as Odhani which is worn by womenfolks on their head.
Kangh It is a deep red coloured Odhana.
Chundhni It is a thin muslin Odhani which is dyed with red colour on edges and has blue colour in the middle part.
Koti It is a cut sleeved or sleeved jacket for women.
Gumati It is a coloured cotton Odhani embroidered with silk bundi work.
Chhyama It is a type Odhani with yellow pat Kashidkari embroidery.
Dimach It is silk Odhani which is gifted in marriages to the bride.
Phulkari Odhani with box like phulkar work is known as ‘Phulkari’.
It has dense embroidery work. Phulkari is an art of shawl making.
Chandtara Ghaghra It is made on khaddar (Duff) fabric. It is printed with stars and new moon.
Leh It is a blue coloured Ghaghra, which is embroidered by blue- and yellow-coloured yarns.
Lahariya It is type of dyed Odhana which is prepared by ‘Bhandej method’. Sopalilt is a dark red coloured Odhani which has prints on its edges. It is considered ‘Manglik Odhani’.
Dukaniya It is a type of Odhana which is made of dark red coloured khaddar fabric with yellow thread embroidery work. Embroidery work is done on its edges.
Peeliya This Odhani has red edges with large prints on its central part. It is sent by parents to their daughter after birth of a male child. ‘Kuwa Poojan is done by wearing this Odhani.
Daman It is a type of Ghaghra which is worn by women. It is made of cotton fabric.
Gulda Kileh It is a type of Ghaghra made of dyed khaddar by Bandhai method.
Kairi It is a type of Ghaghra which is made of blue khaddar along with red tika work.
Khara It is a type of khaddar Ghaghra which is woven by a combination of four red and four blue threads, without Kali work.
Borda It is a floral printed long skirt (Ghaghra) which is made of khaddar fabric.
Bol It is a type of cotton Odhana which is prepared by Silk Pattidar embroidery.
Mandiya It is a thin Odhana which is dyed on edges with blue or black colour.
Traditional Ornaments of Haryana
Traditional ornaments of Haryana are discussed below:
Phool It is worn by women on their head. It is made of gold or silver.
Koka It is also known as ‘Long’ in local language. It is a grain sized ornament which is made of gold, silver or diamond. It is worn by women in their nose.
Boojani It is worn by women in their ears. It is made of silver or gold.
Purli It is worn by women of Haryana in their nose. It is made of gold.
Galshri It is also known as ‘Galsri’. It is a neck ornament. It is made of three or five lines of gold thick beads which are stitched on a cotton fabric strip.
Gulband It is worn by women around their neck. It is made on a gold strip which has small and golden beads with flower petal design.
Danda It is a silver ornament which is worn in ears by womenfolk.
Chandan Haar It is worn by women which also covers their chest.
It is also known as ‘Raani Haar’. It is made by many golden threads which are linked by rectangular or circular pieces.
Bajuband It is also known as ‘Bajuband’, ‘Bajuphal’ and ‘Baju bank’ in Haryana. Kangan It is worn by women on their wrists.
Kangni It is a light Kangan which is worn on wrists.
Kandulla It is worn by women in their arms.
Chhan-Kangan It is worn by women in their hands. It makes sound when struck together.
Bichhua It is a silver ornament which is worn by women in their toes.
Dastband It is worn by women in their hands.
Aarsi It is a finger ring which has a mirror in it. It is worn by women in their right hand thumb.
Mohan Maala It is also known as ‘Matarmaala. It is made of gold with peas shaped beads. It is worn by women on traditional occasions.
Hansli It is made of silver or gold which is worn by women around their neck. It keeps safe the neck bone (Hansuli). It is also known as ‘Hansla.
Jhalra It is a long necklace (haar) which is made of silver coins. These coins are linked together with a gap of 3-4 inches.
Kadi It is a ring shaped silver ornament. It is worn in foot above the ankle. Nazariyan It is worn in foot. It is made of silver.
Newari It is a ring shaped ornament which is worn by women in foot. It makes sound of Ghunghru.
Borla It is worn by women on their forehead.
Nath It is worn by women in their nose. It is made of gold.
Tagari It is worn by women around their waist.
Kada It is worn in both hands and feets. It is made of gold, silver or other metals. Sheesh Phoollt is worn by women on their head.
Chhaj It is a silver ornament. It is worn by womenfolk on their forehead. Patri It is an amulet which is worn on neck. It is worn by both men and women.
Naara It is a silver fuzzy ornament which is worn with Ghaghra.
Pallu It is a silver ornament which is tied with edge of Odhana by women.
Gajriyan It is worn by women in their foot. It is made of silver.
Gofya It is a gold necklace (Haar) which is worn by men around their neck.
Murki It is a studd which is worn in ears by menfolk.
Kathla It is a gold ornament which is worn by men around their neck. Zanjira It is an ornament which is worn by men in their ears.
Prevailing Omen and Bad Omen in Haryana
An omen is an event or a sign of something good to happen before starting a work or journey. Some of these are given below:
Hiran Darshan, (Seeing a deer) During foreign journey, a deer crosses the way or runs from left to right. In the local language, it is called as ‘Hiran Ki Bukkal Kholna’.
Kowe Ka Bolna, (Crow making a sound) When a crow makes sound while sitting on the roof it is considered a sign of coming of a guest.
Paani Bhara Ghaday (Seeing a filled pitcher) To see a water beaver girl (Paniharin) along with a filled pitcher outside the home.
Hatheli Ka Khujlana, (Itching on palm) It is a sign of gaining wealth when a man has itching on his right palm and women on her left palm.
Chidiya Ka Ret Mein Nahana, (Sparrow taking bath in sand) It is expected to be rained when see a sparrow taking bath in sand.
Juti Pe Juti Chadhna, (Sandals above one another) When a sandal is one above the other sandal, it is expected that the person may go for a long journey.
Ankh Ka Phadakna, (Twitching of eye) It is considered a good sign when right eye of a man and left eye of a woman twitches.
Dahi Athwa Chandi Ka Sikka (Curd and silver coin) To see curd or silver coin in the morning.
Billi Ka Muh, (Face of a cat) To see a cat while washing face in the early morning. It is a sign of coming of a loved one.
Doob Ka Darshan, (Seeing green grass) To see green grass (doob) after getting up from bed. It is considered to be a pleasant day.
Sadhwa Darshan, (Meeting a married woman) To meet a fully make-up married woman in the way.
Hast Darshan, (Seeing own hands) After getting up in the morning without seeing anybody’s face, to see own hands in the form of Anjali (the cup-shaped hollow formed by the joining of the two palms together.
Bhishti Ka Jal Liye Milna, (Meeting a bearer with filled pitcher) To meet a water bearer with filled pitcher.
Nilkanth Darshan, (Seeing an Indian Roller bird) It is considered a good sign to see an Indian Roller bird or Blue Jay in the early morning. To see an Indian Roller bird on the Dussehra day is considered a sign to get rid of all the committed sins.
Roti Ka Mud Jana, (Folding of bread) When a bread (Roti) is folded, it is considered a sign of coming of a guest.
Pair Ka Khujlana, (Itching in the feet) Itching in the feet is considered a sign of Journey.
Gau Darshan, (Seeing a cow) To see a cow is considered a good omen.
A bad omen is an event or a sign of something bad to happen before starting a work or journey. Some of these are given below:
Gwale Ka Bhens Ki Sawariy (Seeing a milkman riding a buffalo) To see a milkman to ride on a buffalo is considered a bad omen.
Kutton Ka Rona, (Wailing of dogs) Wailing of dogs is considered the premonition of a tragedy that may strike in the coming event.
Kaali Billiy (Crossing of a black cat) If a black cat crosses a person from his right to his left, then it is considered a bad omen for that person.
Ankh Phadakna (Twitching of an eye) It is considered a bad omen when right eye of a woman and left eye of a man twitches.
Chhikna, (Sneezing) When a pious task is about to be done or being undertaken, then sneezing by anyone is not considered a good sign.
Khali Ghara Dekhna, (Seeing empty pitcher) To meet a water bearer girl with an empty pitcher is considered a bad omen for that person.
Suar Ka Milna, (Meeting a pig) Coming across a pig is considered a bad sign of something.
Shamshan Mein Gidaro Ka Rona, (Wailing of jackals in cremation ground) Wailing of jackals in the cremation ground is considered a premonition for death of someone in a colony.
Indhan Ka Tokra, (Meeting a person with a basket full of fuse) If someone having a basket full of fuel comes across the person, then it is considered a sign of bad omen for that person.
Haryanvi Proverbs and Sayings
In daily life of Haryana, one can come across a lot of proverbs, idioms and sayings. This make Haryana a different culture all over India. Some of them are discussed below:
Haryanvi Proverbs and Sayings
|Gaa Ki Bhens Taley, Bhens Ki Gaa Taley||Living a life even in difficult conditions.|
|Gaam Basya Nahi Mangate Pahlyaan Firange||Achieve benefits by people before the work is done.|
|Jiska Khawe Tikra, Uska Gawe Gitra||To be devoted to favours.|
|Jhotyan Ki Ladai Mein, Jhundo Ka Kho||Loss of weak people in the struggle of powerful ones.|
|Tawla Se Bawla||The hasty person’s discretion becomes zero.|
|Doodh Ki Rakhwali Billi||To entrust a confidential task to a deceitful person.|
|Nayiyon Ki Barat mein Sab Thakur||Among ignorant people all think themselves as great.|
|Nekki Nau Kos, Badi Sau Kos||Evil spreads faster than good.|
|Aapna Bharya Tey Jagat Ka Binary a||Selfish people do not care for others.|
|Aapna Maare Cha Main Gere||Everyone has spiritual attachment with their loved ones.|
|Aape Maare Bina Swarg Kisne Dekhya||Success cannot be achieved by relying on others.|
|Kahe Tey Kumhar Gadhe Pe Nahi Chadhta||The stubborn person does not consider anyone’s advice.|
|Khadya Drawa Khet Mein, Khawe Na Khawna De||A miser person neither consumes his property nor let anyone to consume.|
Haryanvi Idioms and Phrases
|Anghayi Kama||To be pride due to satisfaction|
|Aal Kama||To do some mischievous work|
|Imli Ke Patya Pe Dand Kama||To be delighted only by the imagination of the prosperity|
|Ek Handi Me Do Pet Kama||To show biased behaviour|
|Kulhon Mein Gur Phodna||An unsuccessful attempt to keep something secret|
|Koli Barna||To hug someone|
|KhuriKhodna||To show forceful act|
|Ghar Ka Khodya Paani Pina||To become fully self-dependent|
|Tikdam Bhidana||To make out solution|
|Thekli Chadana||Spend days in poverty|
|Dhiktana Kama||To coerce or to force someone|
|Barabat Hona||To destroy|
|Bhanji Marna||To condemn|