Haryana: Introduction and Facts
Haryana: at a glance
The name of Haryana instantly conjures up the image of a State which astonishingly combines both-antiquity and plenty. The Vedic land of Haryana has been a cradle of Indian culture and civilization. Indian traditions regard this region as the matrix of creation of northern altar’ where Brahma performed the pristine sacrifice and created the universe.
This theory of creation has been confirmed to a large extent by archaeological investigations carried out by Guy E. Pilgrim in 1915, who has established that 15 million years ago, early man lived in the Haryana Shivaliks.
Let’s have a look about our state at a glance.
|Created On||1st November, 1966|
|Total Geographical Area||44,212 sq km|
|· Rural Area
· Urban Area
|· 42,235.92 sq km
· 1,976.08 sq km
|Latitude||27°39, N to 30°35′ N|
|Longitude||74°28, E to 77°36, E|
|State Boundaries||Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in North, Punjab in West, Rajasthan in South and Uttar Pradesh in East|
|High Court||Punjab and Haryana High Court, Chandigarh|
- Administration of Haryana is divided into Revenue divisions composed of districts. Districts are further subdivided in to tehsils of the revenue administration and the Community development blocks for the development work.
- Haryana has 6 administrative divisions, 22 districts, 73 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,841 villages and 6212 villages panchayats.
Let’s have a look —
|Divisions and Districts||6 divisions with 22 districts|
|1. Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Yamuna Nagar|
|2. Faridabad, Palwal, Nuh|
|3. Gurugram, Mahendragarh, Rewari|
|4. Fatehabad, Jind, Hisar, Sirsa|
|5. Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Rohtak, Sonipat, Bhiwani|
|6. Karnal, Panipat, Kaithal|
|· Lak Sabha Constituencies||10|
|· Rajya Sabha Constituencies||5|
|· Vidhan Sabha Constituencies||90 seats including 17 reserved seats|
|· State Legislature||Unicameral|
|· Divisions and Districts||6 divisions with 22 districts|
Demography (Census 2011)
Total population of Haryana as per 2011 census is 25,351,462 of which male and female are 13,494,734 and 11,856,728 respectively. In 2001, total population was 21,144,564 in which males were 11,363,953 while females were 9,780,611. The total population growth in this decade was 19.90 percent while in previous decade it was 28.06 percent. The population of Haryana forms 2.09 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 2.06 percent.
Recently as per Haryana census data, 88.36% houses are owned while 9.55% were rented. In all, 65.57% couples in Haryana lived in single family. In 2011, 68.13% of Uttar Pradesh population had access to Banking and Non-Banking Finance Corporation.
Let’s have a look —
|• Male Population
• Female Population
|Percentage of Urban to Total Population||34.88%|
|Percentage of Rural to Total Population||65.12%|
|Decadal Growth Rate of Population||17.64%|
|Total Literacy Rate||75.55%|
|Female Literacy||65.94% Scheduled Caste (SC) Population|
Some Famous Districts of Haryana
|District||Derived Name From|
|Fatehabad||After the name of son of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Fateh Khan|
|Bhiwani||After the name of wife of Neem named Bhani Devi|
|Rewari||After the name of the daughter of King Rewat named Rewati|
|Charkhi Dadri||After the name of the lake named Dadar|
|Mahendragarh||After the name of the king of Patiala named Raja Mahendra Singh|
|Gurugram||After the name of Guru Dronacharya|
|Jind||After the name of Temple of Jainti Devi|
|Karnal||After the name of Kama, the major character of Hindu Epic Mahabharata|
|Kurukshetra||After the name of King Kuru, ancestor of Kauravas|
|Yamunanagar||After the name of Yamuna River|
|Ambala||After the name of Goddess Bhawani Amba|
|Palwal||After the name of Palawasur, a demon|
|Faridabad||After the name of Sheikh Farid|
|Rohtak||After the name of the son of Queen Taravati named Rohitas|
|Sonipat||After the name of Shravan Kumar|
|Panipat||After the name of Panini Rishi|
Haryana state Symbol
|State tree: Peepal
The Peepal tree (sacred peepal tree), which is a native tree of India, has been declared as the state tree of Haryana. All parts of the peepal tree, including roots, bark, leaves, and fruits, are useful.
|State animal: Blackbuck (blackbuck)
Krishnamriga is found mainly in India but its small population is also found in Pakistan and Nepal. The blackbuck has a circular horn with 3 to 4 medium spiral turns and its length is up to 70 cm (28 in). The dark antelope of Africa is also called Krishnamriaga.
|State Flower: Lotus
Lotus or water lily is an aquatic plant growing only in shallow water, with large floating green leaves and bright fragrant flowers. Its flower is divided into two types based on colors, red lotus flower and white lotus flower. Its beautiful flowers are floaty and have many petals. Lotus is prized because of its tranquil beauty. It is delightful to see a lotus flower blooming on the surface of the pond.
|State Sports: Wrestling
Wrestling is a very ancient sport, art and entertainment tool. It usually occurs between two people in which the player tries to hold his opponent in a particular position. Wrestling probably began in an era when humans did not know how to use weapons. In the Puranas, wrestling is referred to as Mallakrida.
|State Bird: Black Francolin (Black Pheasant)
Blanc francolin (frankolinus frankolinus) is known as black pheasant, it is a widespread breeding resident in most of the region of north and central India. In Hindi, this beautiful stub-tailed daring bird called Kala Pheasant is found near the border lakes, fields and shrubs. Black pheasants prefer crops, grasses, and bushes, which are long enough to provide shelter, and open at the bottom for easy escape on the ground.